Anyone employed by a hazardous materials employer or who is directly involved in the shipment of hazardous materials is required to receive and complete DOT HazMat training as defined by 49 CFR 172.704 within the first 90 days of employment, or change in job function, and must complete recurring training every three years. A trained supervisor must directly oversee the employee of the hazardous material until they have completed their required training.
This requirement applies to employees, including an owner-operator of a motor vehicle that transports hazardous materials, and self-employed individuals who:
Load, unload, or handle hazmat;
Test, recondition, repair, modify, mark, inspect, or otherwise represent packaging as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials;
Prepare hazardous materials for transportation;
Are responsible for the safety of transporting hazardous materials; or
Operate a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials.
Training must be completed within 90 days of the first day of employment or the first day of a change in job function. Until training is completed, a hazmat employee must be directly supervised by a person who has been trained. Further, each hazmat employee must be provided with recurrent training at least once every 3 years. Hazardous Materials training requirements are found in 49 CFR, Part 172, Subpart H.
What’s covered in DOT HazMat training?
“General Awareness” Provides hazardous materials employees with familiarity with the requirements of the Hazardous Materials Regulations and enables hazardous materials employees to recognize and identify hazardous materials. All hazardous materials employees are required to have general awareness/familiarization training. This course satisfies all ground hazardous materials carrier shipping requirements including FedEx and UPS.
This course is based on the requirements for general awareness training as specified in 49 CFR 172.704 (Subpart H). Although this course is meant to satisfy USDOT’s general training requirements, it does not cover function-specific training.
Upon completion of this course, you will receive a certificate of completion. This course can be taken as initial training or refresher training and must be refreshed a minimum of every 3 years. “In-Depth Security” Provides a detailed understanding of a company’s security plan including company security objectives, specific security procedures, employee responsibilities, actions to take in the event of a security breach, and the organizational security structure. This training must be provided to hazardous materials employees who handle or perform regulated functions related to the transportation of the materials covered by the security plan or who are responsible for implementing the security plan.
Topics may include:
Specific Security Procedures
Actions to Take in the Event of a Security Breach
Organizational Security Structure
“Security Awareness” Provides hazardous materials employees with a general understanding of the security risks associated with hazardous materials transportation and the methods designed to enhance transportation security. All hazardous materials employees are required to have security awareness training.
Topics may include:
“Safety Training” Covers the hazards presented by hazardous materials, safe handling, emergency response information, and methods and procedures for accident avoidance. Training that meets EPA and OSHA regulations may be acceptable in meeting the Hazardous Materials Regulations. All hazardous materials employees are required to have safety training.
Topics may include:
Emergency Response Information
Emergency Response Telephone Numbers
Means of Egress
Employee Emergency Plans and Fire Prevention Plans
General Safety and Health Provisions
Employee Emergency Action Plans
Bulk Delivery and Mixing Vehicles
Contract Employer Responsibilities
Hazardous Waste Operations and
New Technology Programs
Personal Protective Equipment
Portable Fire Extinguishers
Fixed Extinguishing Systems
Fire Detection Systems
Employee Alarm Systems
Materials Handling and Storage
Moving the Load
Crawler Locomotives and Truck Cranes
Electrical Safety-Related Work Practices
Confined and Enclosed Spaces
Precautions Before Entering
“Function Specific” Provides hazardous materials employees a detailed study of the requirements of the regulations applicable to the function(s) for which the person is responsible. Training needs will depend on the company operations and the hazardous materials employee’s responsibilities. Your responsibility is to identify the specific topics and extent to which topics are covered to meet your employees’ needs.